What is the biosphere?
The biosphere is the layer of our planet which supports life. This layer ranges from heights of about 10km above sea level, to the dark depths of the ocean which can support life at about 80km below the surface.
The majority of life is currently present in a thin layer of the biosphere. This is due to the fact that the higher parts of the biosphere have very low temperatures and don’t offer much oxygen, and much of the sea is very dark and cold.
So overall the majority of the biosphere doesn’t actually offer the right qualities to support life, so life is mainly in the thin level where we find both us humans and other animals. Scientists have claimed that the biosphere is a lot like an orange, the skin of the orange would represent the thin layer of the biosphere which supports life best, whilst the rest of the orange is locations where life can but rarely does survive.
The biosphere is one of four layers which surrounds Earth. Earth is made up of the Atmosphere layer (air), Biosphere layer (life), Hydrosphere layer (water) and the Lithosphere layer (rock). Together these 4 layers sum up all the different ecosystems.
The biosphere is the only known place, so far, to be able to support life in the universe. Life on Earth depends on the sun. The energy, provided as sun light, is captured by plants, some bacteria and protists which all live in the biosphere. These life forms then use the captured energy to convert carbon dioxide into organic compounds such as sugars and oxygen.
This process is possible through photosynthesis. The products that is created from photosynthesis is then shared with the remaining wildlife on Earth, all other life on Earth is dependent on the plants and its products in one way or another. Without a biosphere photosynthesis wouldn’t be possible and therefore the world as we know it could never exists without a biosphere.
So, whats the problem?
The biosphere is perfectly suited for supporting life, be it from fish, to pigs to humans. However we humans are the only life forms on Earth who have developed our existence around industry and urbanisation etc. Our way of life is currently increasing the levels of greenhouse gases, such as carbon dioxide. These greenhouse gases effect the atmosphere on Earth, which in turn effects the biosphere.
These effects include increased carbon dioxide levels in our atmosphere and biosphere, increased temperatures due to the fact the solar radiation gets trapped within the greenhouse gas layers, all of these effects result in rising sea levels, freak weather, season changes and other unpredictable changes to our climate. These all pose huge threats to our biosphere and so far nature has suffered extremely much. The level of species going extinct is increasing at an incredible rate which then breaks Eco-systems which in turn then damages the climate further.
Humans might be the only species which is capable of destroying Earth, however we are also the only species which can also save it. And now is the time to start saving our planet, we have come a long way since we realised what our actions where doing, and we have already started to reduce the amounts of greenhouse gases we release, and started to give back to nature, however it is not enough.
With the help of organisations such as Earth Cooperative we can speed up the recovery process and create a civilization where both humans and nature can live in a balanced biosphere. By connecting and becoming a global community our chances of recovery will significantly increase and we may one day even make Earth the planet it is destined to be. To achieve this we need the help of people like you, by becoming an active member you are helping us start the process which is so very much needed for our future.
Together we can achieve biosphere balance
for the well-being of future generations of all life forms on Earth.